Key Competences Every SME Leader Needs

Creativity in Green Human Capital

Creativity as a green competence plays a key role in sustainability in various domains. Creativity is essential for green human capital because provides: Innovative Solutions; Resource Efficiency; Sustainable Entrepreneurs; and Adaptability.

Ways of developing creativity in context of sustainability: Embrace Diversity; Design Thinking; Collaboration; Continuous Learning; Reflection and Action.

Implementing Creativity in Green Human Capital

Ways to implement and practice creativity: Supportive Environment; Open Communication; Training and Development; Recognition and Rewards. By embracing creativity as a core element of green human capital, individuals and organizations can make a positive impact on the environment.

Business and marketing concept with wooden blocks on wooden background high angle view.

Understanding and Enhancing Emotional Intelligence

Emotional intelligence is a crucial skill for individuals and organizations aiming to succeed in today’s dynamic and interconnected world. It refers to a person’s ability to recognize, understand, and manage their own emotions, as well as to effectively perceive, interpret, and respond to the emotions of others; empathy towards the environment, effective communication, and collaboration among stakeholders. It refers to:

Self-awareness and Emotion Recognition;2. Self-management and Regulation; Empathy and Perspective-taking; 4. Social Skills and Relationship Management; Emotional Intelligence and Sustainability

By cultivating self-awareness, self-management, empathy, social skills, and effective relationship management, individuals can contribute to green human capital and drive positive change

Developing Flexibility to Follow Green Actions

Flexibility is a competency for sustainability, in relation to the main topic of “Green Human Capital: Competences for Sustainability”. Main aspects are: Understanding Flexibility in the Context of Sustainability; Recognizing the Need for Flexibility in Green Actions; Developing a Growth Mindset; Embracing Lifelong Learning; Practicing Adaptability; Cultivating Open; Integrating Flexibility into Daily Life.

By embracing change, being open-minded, and continuously learning, we can adapt to new challenges, find innovative solutions, and contribute to a more sustainable world. 

Importance of Competences for Sustainability

Green human capital refers to the knowledge, skills, and abilities that individuals possess to act in an environmentally responsible manner; to understand and evaluate the impact of their actions, identify sustainable alternatives, and actively contribute to mitigating climate change, preserving natural resources, and promoting social equity. 

Developing Competences for Sustainability

Developing competences for sustainability is a vital component of addressing the global environmental and social challenges we face today.The strategies and approaches used to build competences for sustainability are: Systems Thinking; Environmental Awareness; Sustainable Development; Collaboration and Communication; Leadership; Resource Management; 7. Innovation. 

The Benefits of Competences for Sustainability

Competences for sustainability empower us to address pressing environmental and social challenges while fostering economic stability. Competences for sustainability, highlighting the positive impact:

Personal Empowerment; Professional Advancement; Environmental Impact; Social Responsibility. 

Competences for sustainability are a key driver for sustainable development. By developing these competences, individuals can actively contribute to addressing environmental challenges, promoting social equity, and advancing economic prosperity.


    • Emotional Intelligence: How We Perceive, Evaluate, Express, and Control Emotions
    • Adeel, M., Mahmood, S., Khan, K. I., & Saleem, S. (2022). Green HR practices and environmental performance: The mediating mechanism of employee outcomes and moderating role of environmental values. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 10.
  • Staff Motivation for Green Behaviour and Environmental Initiatives. (2022). ISRES Publishing ISSN: 2587-1730, 78–83. EPESS

Funded by the European Union. Views and opinions expressed are however those of the author(s) only and do not necessarily reflect those of the European Union or the European Education and Culture Executive Agency (EACEA). Neither the European Union nor EACEA can be held responsible for them. 2022-1-NL01-KA220-VET-000087087

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